Laminas API Tools takes a lightweight, layered, and extensible approach to solving both problems of authentication and authorization. In API Tools, this infrastructure is already in place and ready to be configured to use, or for more advanced use cases, to be extended. Many of these features can be explored through the API Tools user interface.
API Tools resources define allowed HTTP methods on the entity and the collection for each resource. While much of the terminology might be similar, authentication and authorization ARE NOT the same as the set of allowed HTTP methods. These methods are labeled as allowed in the sense that a particular REST or RPC service can respond to that method regardless of what authentication/authorization is configured, or which identity is present on any given request to that particular service; see the section on HTTP negotiation for more information. Resource based authorization may alter the availability of configured allowed HTTP methods because the configuration on the resource is resource configuration and not authentication or authorization configuration.
Authentication and Authorization is handled by laminas-api-tools/api-tools-mvc-auth, which contains functionality for both generic needs and API-specific needs via adapters. While api-tools-mvc-auth is a part of API Tools, it enables a wealth of Authentication and Authorization options outside the scope of this documentation. For a more generic understanding of api-tools-mvc-auth, see its documentation.